By Roger Woolhouse
During the publication, Roger Woolhouse offers a scientific therapy of the relevant metaphysical perspectives of those very important and interrelated philosophers, contemplating their components of contract and war of words. Going past the normal type of the 3 because the ''rationalists'', he explores their money owed of what's actual and the way this lies on the center in their philosophies. specifically, he exhibits how they supplied the conceptual starting place to the 17th-century technology of mechanics.
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Additional info for Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz: The Concept of Substance in Seventeenth-Century Metaphysics
It is, rather, that a substance has to have them all. He and Descartes have radically different views about the nature of attributes or principal properties, and of the relationship between various such attributes. This will be clearer if we ask why Descartes thinks that the same substance could not have the attributes both of thought and of extension. On one occasion it seems that his idea is that the two attributes are directly incompatible or mutually contradictory, and so—as with any pair of contradictory properties—no substance could have them both.
There is, then, a sense in which it can be said that no attribute ‘exists without the others’; but this is a sense far weaker than is required for it to be true that ‘all the attributes substance has have always been in it together’. For all the argument shows, there might be as many substances as there are attributes, each with one of those attributes, and not necessarily one substance with all those attributes. The difference between these things is formally clear enough, but what in fact is the difference at the level of a substantive metaphysics?
111). 30 SPINOZA AND SUBSTANCE Though one might be tempted into thinking otherwise, Spinoza did not begin by conjuring up his axioms and definitions and then continue by simply deducing conclusions from them come what may. The Ethics is not like Descartes’s Meditations, which is perhaps a paradigm of analytic discovery. It is not an account of how Spinoza came to think various things; it is not a report of a process of discovery; it is not an attempt to lead the reader through the author’s previous thought processes.
Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz: The Concept of Substance in Seventeenth-Century Metaphysics by Roger Woolhouse