Download e-book for kindle: Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants: Policies, Strategies by Nuclear Energy Agency

By Nuclear Energy Agency

ISBN-10: 9264104313

ISBN-13: 9789264104310

Show description

Read or Download Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants: Policies, Strategies and Costs (Nuclear Development) PDF

Similar plants: botany books

Download e-book for kindle: Mushroom Biology: Concise Basics And Current Developments by Philip G Miles

The self-discipline of Mushroom Biology, created by means of the authors of this booklet, has now been legitimized by way of references within the clinical literature and by means of foreign meetings dedicated to the topic. This publication units the parameters of Mushroom Biology in a concise demeanour and likewise emphasizes traits and issues out destiny instructions with a view to bring about a better usage of mushrooms and mushroom items.

Get A Modern Herbal. Vol. 2: I-Z and Indexes PDF

"There isn't really one web page of this mesmerizing publication which doesn't comprise whatever to curiosity the typical reader in addition to the intense pupil. looked easily as a historical past of flora, it provides to the thrill of the rustic. " — B. E. Todd, Spectator. with a view to know the way pleurisy root, lungwort, and abscess root obtained their names, how poison ivy used to regard rheumatism, or how garlic guarded opposed to the Bubonic Plague, seek advice a latest natural.

Extra info for Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants: Policies, Strategies and Costs (Nuclear Development)

Sample text

It should be noted, however, that the increasing number of respondents in the present study is partly due to the participation of non-member countries through the IAEA Secretariat. All the responses received were compiled and reviewed by the Expert Group and the Secretariat and have been used in the analyses provided in the present report. However, it was decided to exclude from the reporting and detailed cost analysis cost data sets, related to SGHWR in the United Kingdom, and Saxton and Big Rock Point in the United States.

Decommissioning strategy used as the cost basis A further question that was asked was which decommissioning strategy option has been selected for cost estimating purposes. 11. This shows that 21 utilities identified the immediate dismantling option, 21 identified a deferred dismantling option and one (German utilities) retained both options. No utility or country identified any other option (such as entombment) as a lead option for cost estimates. When looking at this information on a country basis, instead of a utility basis, then only 8 countries consider the immediate dismantling option for cost estimating purposes, 11 countries consider the deferred dismantling option and 5 countries consider both immediate and deferred dismantling options.

Based on these considerations, eleven top-level cost items were identified: • pre-decommissioning actions; • facility shutdown activities; 46 • procurement of general equipment and material; • dismantling activities; • waste treatment and disposal; • security, surveillance and maintenance; • site cleanup and landscaping; • project management, engineering and site support; • research and development; • fuel; and • other costs. As pointed out earlier in the report, it should be noted that fuel management costs, which are included in the above list, have been excluded from the present study mainly because they are often paid for separately and not included in the decommissioning funds.

Download PDF sample

Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants: Policies, Strategies and Costs (Nuclear Development) by Nuclear Energy Agency


by Jason
4.0

Rated 4.78 of 5 – based on 10 votes