Cultures in Conflict: Christians, Muslims, and Jews in the - download pdf or read online

By Bernard Lewis

ISBN-10: 0199774587

ISBN-13: 9780199774586

Publish yr note: First released in 1995
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With splendor and erudition, Lewis explores that climactic yr of 1492 as a conflict of civilizations - a conflict not just of the hot global and the outdated but in addition of Christendom, Islam, and the Jews. within the similar 12 months that Columbus set sail around the Atlantic, he reminds us, the Spanish monarchs captured Granada, the final Muslim stronghold at the peninsula, and in addition expelled the Jews. Lewis makes use of those 3 epochal occasions to discover the character of the growth of Europe, putting the voyages of discovery in a outstanding new context. He lines Christian Europe's direction from primitive backwater at the edges of the significant cosmopolitan Caliphate, during the heightening competition of Christianity and Islam, to the triumph of the West, reading the standards in the back of their altering fortunes.

That contest lengthy remained extra very important in lots of Christians minds than the hot global: as past due as 1683, Vienna nearly fell to the Ottoman armies. Lewis additionally displays on altering features in ecu and Islamic cultures and where of the Jews in either. The Jews who fled Spain stumbled on a receptive surroundings in Turkey; however the stability of tolerance and openness to innovation gradually shifted west. The voyages of discovery have been themselves part of the Christian-Muslim clash, he writes, an try to outflank the Islamic international.

The ecu explorers sailed right into a international they scarcely understood; and but they imposed their very own perceptions of geography at the lands they conquered. Africa, Asia, the center and much East, the previous and New Worlds - as highbrow ideas, all are ecu creations, Lewis observes; mockingly, those related definitions were authorised by means of even the main anti-Western activists.

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Download e-book for iPad: Cultures in Conflict: Christians, Muslims, and Jews in the by Bernard Lewis

Put up yr word: First released in 1995
------------------------

With splendor and erudition, Lewis explores that climactic 12 months of 1492 as a conflict of civilizations - a conflict not just of the recent global and the previous but in addition of Christendom, Islam, and the Jews. within the related yr that Columbus set sail around the Atlantic, he reminds us, the Spanish monarchs captured Granada, the final Muslim stronghold at the peninsula, and in addition expelled the Jews. Lewis makes use of those 3 epochal occasions to discover the character of the growth of Europe, putting the voyages of discovery in a remarkable new context. He lines Christian Europe's direction from primitive backwater at the edges of the giant cosmopolitan Caliphate, during the heightening contention of Christianity and Islam, to the triumph of the West, studying the standards at the back of their altering fortunes.

That contest lengthy remained extra vital in lots of Christians minds than the hot international: as past due as 1683, Vienna virtually fell to the Ottoman armies. Lewis additionally displays on altering characteristics in eu and Islamic cultures and where of the Jews in either. The Jews who fled Spain discovered a receptive atmosphere in Turkey; however the stability of tolerance and openness to innovation progressively shifted west. The voyages of discovery have been themselves part of the Christian-Muslim clash, he writes, an try to outflank the Islamic global.

The ecu explorers sailed right into a global they scarcely understood; and but they imposed their very own perceptions of geography at the lands they conquered. Africa, Asia, the center and much East, the outdated and New Worlds - as highbrow options, all are eu creations, Lewis observes; mockingly, those similar definitions were authorised via even the main anti-Western activists.

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Extra resources for Cultures in Conflict: Christians, Muslims, and Jews in the Age of Discovery

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These texts diminish the ability of many religious people to accept the notion that the Bible in its entirety was composed by God: a just and merciful God would not write a Torah that seems unjust, even in a small number of passages, even on a surface level. 4 For many contemporary readers, the Bible’s pervasive sexism and its attitude toward homosexuality pose similar problems. ) his slaves. Some moderns maintain that the Bible is less sexist than other literature of the ancient Near East and more compassionate to slaves; it presents, we are told, an advance, and the direction in which this advance moves embodies the scriptural teaching relevant for contemporary readers.

They must also include the authors whose writings are embedded within the final edition of the canon, and perhaps also the oral tradents who stand behind those authors. To exclude the findings of biblical criticism from modern Jewish thought, however disturbing they may be, is also to exclude the first Jews and to acquiesce to the supersessionism that separates the Bible from Judaism. It is precisely these Israelites whose voices are recovered by modern biblical scholarship. Both Artifact and Scripture In the chapters that follow, I suggest how the Bible as recovered by biblical critics can serve as scripture for contemporary Judaism.

This broad sweep emerges, paradoxically, when we utilize methods that highlight discontinuity and diversity within the Bible itself to find multiple levels of authorship and redaction Artifact or Scripture? 25 within biblical books. Because these methods discover a variety of voices in biblical texts, they allow us to notice predecessors of postbiblical thought that were less obvious or altogether hidden before the rise of historical criticism. It follows that by atomizing biblical texts, biblical critics also renew them.

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Cultures in Conflict: Christians, Muslims, and Jews in the Age of Discovery by Bernard Lewis


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