By Charles Bettelheim
It truly is Charles Bettelheim's rivalry the following that the first target of the Cultural Revolutino in China used to be to start the method of reworking the age-old patern of the department of work, therefore starting up a brand new bankruptcy within the background of the human race. He studies his personal first-hand observations and inquiries at a Peking cloth manufacturing facility, exhibiting the ways that employees were more and more drawn into the initiatives of administration. He additionally examines the making plans procedure at its federal, provincial, and native degrees, targeting the level and modes of renowned participation. --- from book's again hide
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Extra resources for Cultural Revolution and Industrial Organization in China: Changes in Management and the Division of Labor
Every effort is made to solve these problems on the spot with the help of the workers. It is only as a last resort that help is requested from other production units, or that the district or provincial revolutionary committee is asked to lower the objectives. When, in spite of everything, the plan cannot be realized in its entirety, the problem arises as to which objectives are to be abandoned. In keeping with the principle of stressing the need to satisfy overall needs, priority is generally given to tasks involving meeting the requirements of the other provinces.
The prices themselves are secondary expressions of the political line. page 64 There is an essential preoccupation with price stability and overall financial balance. Prices must be stable and the production units must rely as little as possible on public financial resources to make up any deficit; for the production units to be in the red could only lead to an unhealthy situation. On the contrary, the profits of the production units are placed at the service of overall economic development. In practice, to speak of stable prices is tantamount to saying that the prevailing prices are largely either "historically given prices" or prices adjusted for political reasons and in keeping with cost variations.
The effort to make work less fragmentary by modifying its conditions and enabling each worker to master part of the production process is also page 80 very important. The assembly line must not dominate the worker; increasingly, it is the worker who is setting its pace. The process of revolutionizing the mode of work is of necessity a long one -- but it has been partially initiated through recognition of the fact that specific forms of the division of labor do not result from an abstract development of the productive forces, but that a work mode results from a transformation of the relations of production by past or present class struggles.
Cultural Revolution and Industrial Organization in China: Changes in Management and the Division of Labor by Charles Bettelheim