By Christopher A. Airriess
Ethnic range has marked the us from its inception and is now experiencing watershed adjustments in its social, cultural, and ethnic/racial geographies. contemplating the impression of those modifications, this certain textual content examines more than a few ethnic teams in either old and modern context. The members current a wealthy set of case stories of key ethnic and racial communities_including these of long-standing importance akin to local american citizens, African american citizens, and Mexican american citizens, in addition to the Latin American and Asian teams that make up the majority of more moderen immigrants. each one case bargains a quick ancient review of the group's immigration event and payment styles and discusses the way it has transformed-and been remodeled by-the locations within which they've got settled. Exploring altering groups, locations, and landscapes, this publication deals a nuanced realizing of the evolution of America's ethnic geographies.
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Additional resources for Contemporary Ethnic Geographies in America
As Bobby Wilson discusses in chapter 4, by 1790 there were at least 660,000 African slaves working on plantations of the American South, in addition to small free black populations and smaller slave populations in northern states. These forced migrants grew in number into the millions until slavery’s abolition during the Civil War, and although they were granted the rights of citizenship, many still ﬁght for equal treatment with all who entered from other regions of the world. The ﬁrst formal attempt to keep a record of the numbers of new immigrants entering the United States came with the Steerage Act of 1819, which required the captain or master-at-arms of arriving cargo ships to deliver a manifest to the local Collector of Customs listing all passengers traveling in steerage, that is, in the cargo hold.
AIRRIESS The Colonial Era and Early Independence Years Historical accounts of the settlement geographies of the United States often begin with the arrival of Europeans, subtly implying that what became the territorial United States was empty land waiting to be explored and inhabited. Native American geographies, when presented in discussions of the ethnic geographies of the colonial era, are often treated as homogeneous and as vulnerable to conquest by stronger, more sophisticated cultures of Europe.
Although departing from the origin country for similar reasons as refugees, asylum seekers are an ofﬁcial category of refugee who request asylum upon arriving in the destination country. Asylum seekers entering the United States may ﬁt the United Nations deﬁnition of refugee but are ﬂeeing from a non-Communist state. Unlike economic immigrants, these “conﬂict migrants”70 are forced to move, are unable to engage in the long-term planning of their departure, are not knowledgeable of their exact destination, and are fearful of never being able to return to their origin region.
Contemporary Ethnic Geographies in America by Christopher A. Airriess