Neil Levy's Consciousness and Moral Responsibility PDF

By Neil Levy

ISBN-10: 0198704631

ISBN-13: 9780198704638

Neil Levy offers an unique concept of freedom and accountability. Cognitive neuroscience and psychology supply loads of facts that our activities are frequently formed via info of which we aren't awake; a few psychologists have concluded that we're truly aware of only a few of the evidence we reply to. yet most folks appear to suppose that we have to be all ears to the proof we reply to in an effort to be chargeable for what we do. a few thinkers have argued that this naive assumption is inaccurate, and we want no longer be all ears to those proof to be dependable, whereas others imagine it truly is right and accordingly we're by no means accountable. Levy argues that either perspectives are unsuitable. He units out and defends a specific account of consciousness--the worldwide workspace view--and argues this account involves that recognition performs an extremely vital position in motion. We workout enough keep watch over over the ethical importance of our acts to be accountable for them in basic terms after we are aware of the evidence that supply to our activities their ethical personality. additional, our activities are expressive of who we're as ethical brokers in basic terms once we are aware of those similar evidence. There are accordingly strong purposes to imagine that the naive assumption, that realization is required for ethical accountability, is in truth real. Levy means that this involves that folks are in charge much less usually than we would have concept, however the cognizance doesn't entail that we're by no means morally dependable.

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Fortunately, this hard problem is not our problem; our problem is an easier one. As we saw in Chapter 2, attention to one common way of setting up the hard problem makes it easy to see why the hard problem is not our problem. Zombies, who are supposed to be functional (perhaps even physical) duplicates of us who lack phenomenal consciousness, might present physicalist accounts of consciousness with a difficult challenge, but zombies are not beings who lack states that are person­ ally available for report and for further consumption without any addi­ tional processing.

Consider the Victorian pastime of ‘table turning’. In table turning, a number of people would sit around a small table, laying their hands palm down on the table surface. After a while, the table would begin to spin, revolving more and more rapidly. Though participants in this kind of activity may often sincerely deny that they cause the spinning, and may attribute it to paranormal forces, it isn’t difficult to show that they are causing the movement. The move­ ment of each is small enough to escape detection by them.

I will also show that only actions performed consciously 40 The Global Workspace express our evaluative agency, and that expression of a moral attitude requires consciousness of that attitude. Domain General Thought Though there is little general agreement on the nature and role (if any) of phenomenal consciousness, matters are very different with regard to awareness. Almost all consciousness scientists, and very many phil­ osophers, accept that awareness plays some kind of integrative role; it is with little exaggeration that Morsella speaks of an “integration consensus” in consciousness studies (2005: 1001).

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Consciousness and Moral Responsibility by Neil Levy

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