By Nikolaj Lübecker
Taking as its element of departure the thought of neighborhood in mid-twentieth century French literature and notion, this formidable examine seeks to discover the ways that Breton, Bataille, Sartre and Barthes used literature and paintings to have interaction with the query of reconceptualizing society. In exploring the relevance those writings carry for modern debates approximately neighborhood, Lubecker argues for the ongoing social significance of literary experiences.
Throughout the booklet, he means that literature and artwork are privileged fields for confronting a few of the anti-social wants located on the outer edge of human rationality. The authors studied placed to paintings the innovations of Thanatos, sado-masochism and (self-)sacrifice; additionally they write extra poetically approximately man's charm to Silence, the evening and the impartial.
Many sociological discourses at the query of neighborhood are likely to marginalize the drives inherent inside of those innovations; Lubecker argues it really is necessary to take those drives into consideration while theorising the query of neighborhood, in a different way they could go back within the atavistic kind of myths. in addition if dealt with with care and a focus they could end up to be a resource.
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Additional info for Community, myth and recognition in twentieth-century French literature and thought
And the theme will be developed in half of the 14 paragraphs. But how literal are these many references to violence? Is Contre-Attaque (like Sorel) trying to perform a semantic ‘coup’ on the word violence by tearing it away from its common understanding? What does the word mean in this context? 24 Community, Myth and Recognition It can be argued that violence is a multi-faceted notion in which (at least) four lines of thought come together. First, there is the basic understanding of the word: physical violence.
Just before the dissolution of the group she sent the members a letter explaining her reservations. The first point in her catalogue of disagreements has to do with Bataille: 1. The question of the final goal. Bataille has written to me that he wants me to join Le Cercle [. ]. Now the revolution is for him the triumph of the irrational – for me, of the rational; for him, a catastrophe – for me, a methodical action in which one must endeavour to limit the harm done; for him, a liberation of the instincts, and above all those that are currently considered pathological – for me, a superior morality.
The economic crisis in the wake of the World War I did not create a rise in patriotism and now France is in a comfortable situation (economically and psychologically) that makes the rise of fascism unlikely. Furthermore, as Bataille notes with unusual optimism, the sheer fact that people have seen how fascism works will make it difficult for this movement to seduce the French. Finally, Contre-Attaque distinguishes itself from fascism by wanting to take its lead from the Popular Front. Throughout Contre-Attaque’s brief existence the Popular Front plays an important role: it is the main example of how French socialism and communism have betrayed the revolution but it also inspires the most optimistic ideas about the creation of an organic left-wing movement.
Community, myth and recognition in twentieth-century French literature and thought by Nikolaj Lübecker