Download PDF by Brian C. J. Moore: Cochlear Hearing Loss: Physiological, Psychological and

By Brian C. J. Moore

Because the first variation was once released in 1998, enormous advances were made within the fields of pitch belief and speech notion. additionally, there were significant adjustments within the means that listening to aids paintings, and the gains they give. This publication will offer an realizing of the adjustments in belief that happen whilst someone has cochlear listening to loss so the reader knows not just what does take place, yet why it occurs. It interrelates physiological and perceptual information and offers either this and uncomplicated thoughts in an built-in demeanour. The objective is to exhibit an knowing of the perceptual alterations linked to cochlear listening to loss, of the problems confronted through the hearing-impaired individual, and the constraints of present listening to aids.

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Extra resources for Cochlear Hearing Loss: Physiological, Psychological and Technical Issues (Wiley Series in Human Communication Science)

Sample text

The stimulating frequency, in kHz, is indicated by a number close to each curve. The dashed line indicates the slope that would be obtained if the responses were linear (velocity directly proportional to sound pressure). Redrawn from Robles, Ruggero and Rich (1986). At very low sound levels, below 20–30 dB, the amplification is roughly constant and is at its maximal value. As the sound level increases, the amplification progressively reduces. Thus, the response grows more slowly than it would in a linear system.

Shortly after the injection (11–19 minutes), the input-output function for the CF tone was markedly altered. The biggest alteration was at low sound levels. To produce a given response on the BM (say, 40 ␮m/s), the input level had to be increased by about 25 dB relative to the level measured before the injection. However, the response to a CF tone at a high level (80 dB SPL) was almost normal. This is consistent with the idea that the contribution of the active mechanism reduces progressively as the sound level is increased above about 40 dB SPL.

If so, the reduced phase locking associated with cochlear damage might contribute to problems in understanding speech. VIII CONCLUSIONS The functioning of the normal cochlea is strongly dependent on an active mechanism that is physiologically vulnerable. This mechanism depends upon the integrity of the OHCs, and particularly their stereocilia. The active mechanism is responsible PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF COCHLEAR HEARING LOSS 37 for the high sensitivity and sharp tuning of the BM. It is also responsible for a variety of nonlinear effects that can be observed in BM responses and neural responses.

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Cochlear Hearing Loss: Physiological, Psychological and Technical Issues (Wiley Series in Human Communication Science) by Brian C. J. Moore

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