By Andrew Scobell
Andrew Scobell examines using chinese language army strength in a foreign country as in Korea (1950), Vietnam (1979), and the Taiwan Strait (1995-1996) and regionally, as throughout the Cultural Revolution of the overdue Sixties and within the 1989 army crackdown in Tiananmen sq.. Scobell warns "Cult of Defense" disposes chinese language leaders to rationalize all army deployment as shielding. although, alterations within the People's Liberation Army's doctrine and features over the last twenty years recommend that China's twenty first Century leaders may perhaps use army strength extra without problems than their predecessors.
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Additional info for China's Use of Military Force: Beyond the Great Wall and the Long March (Cambridge Modern China Series)
This concept crops up frequently in spoken and written material by Chinese strategic thinkers – it is mentioned in the 1995 interview with Liu quoted previously, for example. While Johnston dismisses active defense as mere propaganda,118 the strategy appears to have real significance. 119 Indeed, it figures prominently in China’s 1998, 2000, and 2002 Defense White Papers. In 1957, then Defense Minister Peng Dehuai explained China’s attachment to active defense: . . in military matters our country has had a guiding principle of strategic defense, not a guiding principle of launching strategic offensives.
24 The result is a seemingly confused, jumbled, and inconsistent stance, but one that actually reflects reality. Therefore, someone perusing party documents, statements by leaders, and official histories is likely to pick up one (or more) of several “party lines” depending on which sources are tapped. And a researcher’s own biases are likely to play a key role in her interpretation. Thus better data, new interpretations of scholarship, changing geopolitical perceptions of the Middle Kingdom, and China’s more complex and confusing political environment all combined during the 1990s to challenge the prevailing scholarly wisdom on the nature of China’s strategic culture.
Furthermore, by ignoring intrastate and societal violence, one risks overlooking important values and beliefs about the use of force and violence. Presumption of Monism Most of the strategic culture scholarship, as Alastair Iain Johnston observes, “allows no room for the possibility of . . ”25 The 19 P1: GCO CY236-04 0 52181979 2 June 14, 2003 15:41 Layers of Culture work of Fairbank and others stresses the pervasive influence of Confucianism and downplays China’s substantial body of strategic writing.
China's Use of Military Force: Beyond the Great Wall and the Long March (Cambridge Modern China Series) by Andrew Scobell