Read e-book online China: From Empire to People's Republic 1900-49 PDF

By Michael Lynch

ISBN-10: 1444110128

ISBN-13: 9781444110128

Concerning the sequence The entry to background sequence is the most well-liked and depended on sequence for complicated point historical past scholars, delivering: - Authoritative, attractive and obtainable content material - finished assurance of the AS and a degree heritage necessities - layout positive aspects, learn publications and internet help to assist scholars in attaining examination good fortune. in regards to the ebook In 1900 China used to be politically undeveloped and economically exploited via western colonial powers. Over the following fifty turbulent years it had rejected its imperial previous, welcomed republicanism, survived eastern profession, witnessed civil warfare and embraced a Marxist revolution. those amazing advancements are tested during this ebook which mixes a authentic narrative with up to date research of the occasions. during the booklet, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and tips written by way of examiners give you the chance to improve examination abilities.

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Extra info for China: From Empire to People's Republic 1900-49

Sample text

A year later Sun returned with renewed hope to Guangzhou in his home province of Guangdong. This time his confidence was justified. Many of his former revolutionary colleagues, who had been lukewarm towards him since his defeat by Yuan Shikai in 1 9 1 2, now pledged their support. Guangzhou thus became in 1 920 the maj or southern base of the GMD. It was there during the final five years of his life that. Sun developed the ideas and organisation that enabled the GMD to become the dominant force in Chinese politics for the next quarter of a century.

Although, the GMD would later become the internationally acknowledged government of China, there was little in the early 1 920s to distinguish the Nationalists from the other warlord groups. For obvious expedient reasons, foreign governments in seeking to protect their interests tended to liaise with those Chinese leaders who, regardless of their legal status, seemed to have genuine power. One prominent example was Wu Peifu, the warlord of Hubei and Hunan provinces, who defied the authority of Sun Yatsen's Nationalist government in Guangzhou.

Modern historians, while accepting that he was motivated by personal ambition, point out that he did attempt to tackle China's most pressing needs. Despite being eventually overwhelmed by the problems he faced, Yuan's attempts at administrative and economic teform had merit. Arguably, his struggle to impose himself on the localities was a recognition on his part of a fundamental problem; unless there was an effective restoration of strong central authority, China stood little chance of developing the cohesion that would enable it to grow into a modern nation state.

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China: From Empire to People's Republic 1900-49 by Michael Lynch


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