Get Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic PDF

By S.I. Mussatto

ISBN-10: 0128023236

ISBN-13: 9780128023235

ISBN-10: 0128025611

ISBN-13: 9780128025611

Biomass Fractionation applied sciences for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock-based Biorefinery experiences the vast study and great clinical and technological advancements that experience happened within the quarter of biorefinering, together with commercial methods and product improvement utilizing ‘green technologies’, frequently referred as white biotechnology.

As there's a large want for brand spanking new layout thoughts for contemporary biorefineries instead and modification to business crude oil and gasoline refineries, this booklet provides an important issues concerning biomass fractionation, together with advances, demanding situations, and views, all with references to present literature for extra study.

Presented in 26 chapters via foreign box experts, every one bankruptcy includes evaluate textual content that includes the newest advances, demanding situations, and views for every fractionation strategy. The ebook is an crucial reference for all execs, scholars, and staff focused on biomass biorefinery, helping them in setting up effective and economically attainable method applied sciences for biomass fractionation.

  • Provides info at the so much complex and leading edge pretreatment procedures and applied sciences for biomass
  • Reviews various beneficial items from lignocellulose
  • Discusses integration of tactics for entire biomass conversion with minimal waste generation
  • Identifies the study gaps in scale-up
  • Presents an integral reference for all pros, scholars, and employees excited about biomass biorefinery, aiding them in constructing effective and economically plausible technique applied sciences for biomass fractionation

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Additional resources for Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery

Example text

Cell walls are destroyed along the regions corresponding to lignin localization, which may be due to their fragility. The ultrastructure of cell walls affected by the shock-and-shear action of milling bodies gets distorted. Cellulose layers broaden and in some regions interpenetrate the diffuse layers of the ligninehemicellulose matrix (Fig. 2). As a result of mechanical action the layers in these particles shift with respect to each other. It may be assumed that the obtained particles possess a high reactivity not only due to an increase in the area of accessible surface but also because of structural disordering.

From the economical point of view, mechanical energy is an expensive energy, and it is necessary to use it efficiently. Unfortunately, the development of economically efficient mechanochemical technologies is complicated by the absence of a general theory, which would thoroughly describe mechanochemical reactions. Often only separate aspects of transformations and possible phenomena are considered, as follows: • • • • • the formation of active surface radicals [27,28], the role of interfacial processes and an increase in the surface and dimensional effects connected with this [29], hydrothermal chemical processes [26], the disordering of crystal structure and amorphization, and the formation of mechanocomposites [30].

Mussatto, M. F. C. Roberto, Effect of hemicellulose and lignin on enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose from brewer’s spent grain, Enzyme Microb. Technol. 43 (2008) 124e129. [19] P. M. J. Delwiche, P. Stroeve, Methods for pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for efficient hydrolysis and biofuel production, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 48 (2009) 3713e3729. [20] B. E. Wyman, Pretreatment: the key to unlocking low-cost cellulosic ethanol, Biofuels Bioprod. Biorefin. 2 (2008) 26e40. C. Bensah, M. Mensah, Chemical pretreatment methods for the production of cellulosic ethanol: technologies and innovations, Int.

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Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery by S.I. Mussatto


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