Download PDF by David Kreps: Bergson, Complexity and Creative Emergence

By David Kreps

ISBN-10: 1137412208

ISBN-13: 9781137412201

ISBN-10: 1349554294

ISBN-13: 9781349554294

It is a ebook approximately evolution from a post-Darwinian point of view. It recounts the middle rules of French thinker Henri Bergson and his rediscovery and legacy within the poststructuralist serious philosophies of the Nineteen Sixties, and explores the confluences of those rules with these of complexity conception in environmental biology.

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Every unit represents a halt, something indivisible, at the moment that we are dealing with it. Then, as we progress from one number to the next, in sequence or in equation, there is a ‘jerk, [or] sudden jump’51 by which we leave the one and arrive at the other. ’53 These points quickly blur into lines, and very quickly come to seem like a continuity. Indivisible units, like the different sheep in the field, come to us from objects. Yet through the intellectual pursuit of arithmetic (which no longer has much recourse to the outside world) we very quickly come to see the number 50 as infinitely divisible in an infinite number of ways along a continuous line of infinite points.

48 Bergson’s own argument, despite apparently supporting the more traditional interpretation that Zeno actually meant what he said, is indeed very similar. ’49 Movement, in such a reading, is but a series of positions. As Bergson describes in detail in Time and Free Will, and again in Creative Evolution, this misunderstanding of movement actually stems from a confusion between time and space; indeed, the ‘immobilities’ of which Zeno and the Pythagoeans speak are, for Bergson, at the heart of our concept of number itself.

35 More fundamentally, for Bergson, this is a misapplication of the measurable quantity of an external influence – to what is, by contrast, a qualitative inner experience. In short, ascribing spatial, quantitative characteristics to the qualitative nature of conscious states involves, for Bergson, a misunderstanding of the nature of consciousness. ’37 We are uplifted by these feelings: indeed, our step feels lighter, our aspect brighter. Now, muscular effort is clearly somehow involved in even the deepseated emotions described above.

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Bergson, Complexity and Creative Emergence by David Kreps

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