By Guillem Pons-Lladö MD., Francesc Carreras MD., Xavier Borrás MD., Maite Subirana MD., Luís J. Jiménez-Borreguero MD. (auth.)
Glossary four bankruptcy 1: fundamentals of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance and six general perspectives 1. 1 Definition and actual fundamentals 6 a. Definition and ancient historical past 6 b. actual fundamentals 6 1. 2 Technical Modalities 10 a. Spin echo 12 b. Gradient echo 12 c. quick gradient echo thirteen d. really expert innovations thirteen e. thoughts lower than medical research thirteen 1. three learn technique: general Anatomy thirteen a. Technical apparatus thirteen b. clinical team of workers thirteen c. guidance of the sufferer thirteen d. common MRI anatomy 17 References 17 bankruptcy 2: Ventricular Morphology and serve as: research of 26 Cardiomyopathies 2. 1 Morphological learn of middle Chambers 26 a. Left ventricle 26 b. correct ventricle 31 2. 2 Ventricular functionality 31 a. Left ventricular functionality 31 b. correct ventricular functionality 33 2. three Cardiomyopathies 33 a. Dilated cardiomyopathy 33 b. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 33 c. Restrictive cardiomyopathy 35 d. Arrhythmogenic dysplasia of the ideal ventricle 35 References 35 (f) bankruptcy three: bought illnesses of the Aorta 38 I c three. 1 Technical elements of the Aortic research via MRI: Imaging the traditional Aorta 38 three. 2 Aortic Aneurysm forty three three. three Aortic Dissection and similar Entities OJ forty three a. technique for the examine of aortic dissection via MRI forty three I b. Differential analysis of aortic dissection by way of MRI forty seven References forty nine c o U . ;jj bankruptcy four: learn of Valvular center illness fifty four four. 1 advent fifty four four. 2 pace Calculation and circulate Quantitation fifty four 4.
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In vivo assessment of left ventricular mass by twodimensional echocardiography. Circulation 1983; 68: 210-5. -I . Devereux RB. Detection of left ventricular hypertrophy by M-mode echocardiography: anatomic validation, standardization, and comparison to other methods. Hypertension 1987; 9 (Suppl. II): 11-19-11-26. 5. Florentine MS, Grosskreutz CL, Chang W, et al. Measurement of left ventricular mass in vivo using gated nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. J Am Coli Cardiol1986; 8: 107-12. "4 chamber" plane of the heart using the spin echo technique in a case of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy that affects the apical portion of the left ventricle.
17 Diastolic (A) and systolic (B) images of a cine MRI sequence using the gradient echo technique in a case of arrthythmogenic dysplasia. Observe the region of segmental dysfunction of the right ventricular wall with systolic bulging (arrow in B). DAo: descending aorta; LA : left atrium; LV: left ventricle; RA: right atrium; RV: right ventricle. Katz ], Milliken MC, Stray-Gundersen], et al. Estimation of human myocardial mass with MR imaging. Radiology 1988; 169: 495-8. calibrated ventricular angiography.
Radiology 1993; 187: 261-8. 17. Cranney GB, Lotan CS, Dean L, Baxley W, Bouchard A, Pohost GM. Left ventricular volume measurement using cardiac axis nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Validation by Geiser EA, Skorton D], Conetta DA. Quantification of left ventricular function by two-dimensional echocardiography: consideration of factors restricting image quality. Am Heart] 1982; 103: 905-11. Maron B], Spirito P, Chiarella F, Vecchio C. ] Am Coli Cardiol1985; 5: 1474-7. Park]H, Kim YM, Chung]w, ParkYB, Han]K, Han Me.
Atlas of Practical Cardiac Applications of MRI by Guillem Pons-Lladö MD., Francesc Carreras MD., Xavier Borrás MD., Maite Subirana MD., Luís J. Jiménez-Borreguero MD. (auth.)