By Thomas Hibbs
In Aquinas, Ethics, and Philosophy of faith, Thomas Hibbs recovers the proposal of perform to increase a extra descriptive account of human motion and realizing, grounded within the venerable vocabulary of advantage and vice. Drawing on Aquinas, who believed that each one stable works originate from advantage, Hibbs postulates how epistemology, ethics, metaphysics, and theology mix right into a set of up to date philosophical practices that stay open to metaphysics. Hibbs brings Aquinas into dialog with analytic and Continental philosophy and indicates how a extra nuanced appreciation of his idea enriches modern debates. This ebook deals readers a brand new appreciation of Aquinas and articulates a metaphysics integrally on the topic of moral practice.
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Additional info for Aquinas, Ethics, and Philosophy of Religion: Metaphysics and Practice (Indiana Series in the Philosophy of Religion)
Thus does Pieper make a claim for the primacy of the virtues in Aquinas and for the recovery of virtue ethics as a salutary corrective to both academic and popular (mis)conceptions of morality. But Pieper’s Aquinas offers more than this; it offers a corrective and supplement to contemporary virtue ethics itself, which has failed to be sufﬁciently ambitious, systematic, and compre- 15 Aquinas, Ethics, and Philosophy of Religion hensive in its reﬂections on ethics. 10 As we shall see in the course of our examination of the achievements of, and limitations to, contemporary virtue ethics, Aquinas’s account of justice is capable not just of ﬁlling an egregious gap but also of providing a distinctive philosophical psychology.
Since many endure need and not all can receive assistance from the same source, the dispensing of his own property is entrusted to the discretion of each, so that out of it he may support the needy. If, however, there is a need so urgent and so palpable that it must be met instantly by means readily available . . , anyone can lawfully supply his own need from the property of another by taking from it either openly or in secret. 57 The best ways to encourage or require the more fortunate to aid the less fortunate would depend largely on the preexisting customs and legal traditions of a society.
First, for many, a legalistic ethic is too closely modeled on the practice of technical reasoning (techne) wherein an agent imposes an abstract form or plan upon raw matter. By contrast, practical reasoning concerned with action (phronesis) has more to do with discerning what ought to be done in given circumstances. As we have just noted in Aquinas’s account of the role of the legislator, the art or techne of crafting laws is ultimately subservient to the judgment of prudence, which must cooperate with, rather than utterly transform, the customs of society.
Aquinas, Ethics, and Philosophy of Religion: Metaphysics and Practice (Indiana Series in the Philosophy of Religion) by Thomas Hibbs