By Nicola Di Cosmo
This complete historical past of the northern frontier of China throughout the first millennium B.C. information the formation of 2 more and more specified cultural parts: the sedentary chinese language and the northern nomads. Nicola Di Cosmo explores the tensions present among those worlds as they turned an increasing number of polarized, with the eventual production of the nomadic Hsiung-nu empire within the north, and of the chinese language empire within the south. Di Cosmo investigates the origins of the antagonism among early China and its "barbarian" friends.
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Extra resources for Ancient China and its Enemies: The Rise of Nomadic Power in East Asian History
The central ridges of both ranges are rolling uplands, which reach an altitude of about 2,586 meters. The Altai system, coming 19 ANCIENT CHINA AND ITS ENEMIES into Siberia from northwestern Mongolia, is enclosed between the Irtysh and Ob Rivers, where we find the Altai Mountains proper, culminating in Peak Belukha, at about 4,300 meters. East of the Ob lies the eastern Altai Range, reaching almost to the Yenisei. The two ranges of the Sayan system encircle the Minusinsk Basin: the eastern Sayan Range extends from Lake Baikal to the Yenisei, while the western Sayan Range cordons off the basin in the south.
On the linguistic evidence for the word “horse,” see Juha Janhunen “The Horse in East Asia: Reviewing the Linguistic Evidence,” in The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern Central Asia, 1: 415–30. Franz Hancˇar, Das Pferd in praehistorischer und frühistorischer Zeit (Wien: Herold, 1956), pp. 551–63. V. 241 (1989): 801. Anthony, “Opening of the Eurasian Steppe,” 1: 102–103. 27 ANCIENT CHINA AND ITS ENEMIES bronze metallurgy. These metalworkers were able to manipulate alloys so that the quality of the bronze would be harder or tougher according to the specific function of the weapons and tools that they made.
Denis Sinor (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), pp. 85–88. The metallurgical cultures of northern China will be discussed in the next chapter. Okladnikov, “Inner Asia at the Dawn of History,” pp. 94–95. c. c. From the eastern to the western parts of the Eurasian steppe region, these early Iron Age peoples shared a cultural universe that was remarkably homogeneous, at least at the level of their material development and artistic expression. These “early nomads” or Scytho-Siberian peoples, as they are sometimes called by archaeologists, engaged in pastoral nomadism as their primary economic activity and thus their livelihood was based on cattle, sheep, and horses.
Ancient China and its Enemies: The Rise of Nomadic Power in East Asian History by Nicola Di Cosmo