By Thomas Paterson, J. Garry Clifford, Robert Brigham, Michael Donoghue, Kenneth Hagan
This best-selling textual content provides the easiest synthesis of present scholarship to be had to stress the topic of expansionism and its manifestations.
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Extra info for American Foreign Relations: A History, Volume 1: To 1920
76 A Separate Peace: The Treaty of Paris The surrender of Lord Cornwallis’s army at Yorktown on October 19, 1781, precipitated serious peace negotiations. ”77 Nonetheless, the burgeoning public debt and war weariness finally caused the ministry of Lord North to fall early in 1782. The king reluctantly accepted a new ministry under the Marquess of Rockingham, committed to a restoration of peace but undecided as to the terms. The Rockingham ministry sent Richard Oswald to Paris in April 1782 to sound out Benjamin Franklin.
121 By capturing merchant ships, holding sailors and cargoes for ransom, and extorting protection money from nations willing to pay, the sultans nearly drove American shipping out of the Mediterranean. The United States obtained a satisfactory treaty with Morocco in 1787, at the bargain price of only $10,000, but other negotiations proved fruitless. ”124 The New Constitution and the Legacy of the Founding Generation Within this troubled international setting, fifty-five delegates attended the Federal Convention in Philadelphia from May to September 1787.
Now France was promising to fight until Gibraltar fell. ”69 And because the terms of Aranjuez remained secret, American diplomats could only guess at these new political entanglements. Congress dispatched John Jay to Madrid in September 1779 to obtain a formal alliance. 70 Not once during his two-and-a-half-year stay did the Spanish court officially receive Jay. ”71 Rarely did Count Floridablanca deign to communicate with him. Even more frustrating, Jay ran out of money and had to ask the Spanish for funds.
American Foreign Relations: A History, Volume 1: To 1920 by Thomas Paterson, J. Garry Clifford, Robert Brigham, Michael Donoghue, Kenneth Hagan