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By William James

As those lectures are supposed to be public, and so few, i've got assumed all very detailed difficulties to be excluded, and a few subject of normal curiosity required. thankfully, our age seems starting to be philosophical back - nonetheless within the ashes stay the wonted fires. Oxford, lengthy the seed-bed, for the english international, of the idealism encouraged by means of Kant and Hegel, has lately develop into the nursery of a truly diverse mind set. Even non-philosophers have all started to take an curiosity in an issue over what's referred to as pluralism or humanism. It seems a bit as though the traditional english empiricism, see you later placed out of favor the following through nobler sounding germanic formulation, will be re-pluming itself and preparing for a far better flight than ever. It seems like foundations have been being sounded and tested afresh.
Individuality outruns all category, but we insist on classifying each we meet

Table of Contents

The different types of Philosophic considering 1; Our age is becoming philosophical back, three swap of tone considering 1860, four Empiricism and Rationalism outlined, 7 the method of Philosophizing: Philosophers opt for a few a part of the area to interpret the full through, eight They search to make it look much less unusual, eleven Their temperamental variations, 12 Their structures needs to be reasoned out, 18 Their tendency to over-technicality, 15 way over this in Germany, 17 the kind of imaginative and prescient is the key in a thinker, 20 Primitive suggestion, 21 Spiritualism and Materialism : Spiritualism exhibits kinds, 23 Theism and Pantheism, 24 Theism makes a duality of guy and God, and leaves guy an intruder, 25 Pantheism identifies guy with God, 29 The modern tendency is in the direction of Pantheism, 30 Legitimacy of our call for to be crucial within the Universe, 33 Pluralism as opposed to Monism: The 'each-form' and the 'all-form' of representing the area

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The most persistent setter of questions. feeler of objections, insister on satisfactions, is the re­ ligious life. Yet all its troubles can be treated with absurdly little technicality. The wonder is that, with their way of working philosophy, A PLURALISTIC UNIVERS E individual Germans should preserve any spon­ taneity of mind at all. That they still mani­ fest freshness and originality in so eminent a degree, proves the indestructible richness of the german cerebral endowment. Let me repeat once more that a man's vision is the great fact about him.

So far the world as as theism represents God's world, and God as what Matthew Arnold called a magnified non-nat­ ural man, it would seem as if the inner quality of the world remained human, and as if our I. THE TYPES OF THINKING relations with it might be intimate enough- for what is best in ourselves appears then also out­ side of ourselves, and we and the universe are of the same spiritual species. So far, so good, then; and one might consequently ask, What more of intimacy do you require? entitatively one with God, attains this higher reach of intimacy.

The eeriness of the world, the mischief and the manyness, the littleness of the forces, the magical sur­ prises, the unaccountability of evcry agent, A PLURALISTIC UNI VERSE these surely are the characters most impressive at that stage of culture, these communicate the thrills of curiosity and the earliest intellectual l grations, stirrings. Tempests and confa lences and carthquakes, reveal supramundane powers, and instigate religious tcrror rather than philosophy. Nature, more demonic than divine, is above all things multifarious.

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A Pluralistic Universe (Classic Reprint) by William James

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