By Robert Carlson
The sequence builds an intensive choice of prime quality descriptions of languages all over the world. every one quantity bargains a complete grammatical description of a unmarried language including absolutely analyzed pattern texts and, if acceptable, a thesaurus and different suitable info that's to be had at the language in query. There are not any regulations as to language kinfolk or quarter, and even if certain consciousness is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and important remedies of higher identified languages also are integrated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the one criterion is a excessive usual of clinical caliber.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Supyire
Kare go [kare] [gYa:ra] Secondary release between IVJ and lul is a very slight velar affrication which sounds like light aspiration. It is symbolized [ x ] here. Before the other low vowels, secondary release is a labio-velar approximant [w]: [k x u:lo] cf. lacking [ku:r)2] kwooro snore [k w o:ro] cf. kooio cough [ko:lo] kwoogo boat [k w o:Ro] cf. koogo [ko:Ro] inheritance (34) kwüüld encircle As noted above, Mills (1984) states that nasal consonants do not occur with secondary release in Cebaara.
Cebaara cognates for Supyire weak mid verbs are mostly high tone. 32 In northern Senufo the upper of the two middle tones has merged phonetically (that is, it is realized on the same phonetic pitch) with the other mid tone. This phonetic neutralization has not entailed serious phonological neutralization, however, due to the complex tone rules of Supyire. In effect, the two mid tones behave quite differently with respect to tone rules, and consequently, in the majority of environments one or the other is possible, but not both.
Two pronunciations of the resulting word are possible. In the first, the resonant retains the length and tone of the elided vowel. In the second, this length and tone are transferred to the vowel following the resonant. In accordance with the practice in other Senufo orthographies, the underlying form of the word, with the unelided vowel, is written. 27 Some examples: pilaga biliwe kile kinaga file sil6g6 [plraRa] [bl:iwe] [kl:e] [kn:aRa] [fl:e] [sl:£R6] or or or or or or [pla:Ra] [bli:we] [kle:] [kna:Ra] [fie:] [sl6:R£] 'night' 'slave' 'sky, God' 'fruit bat' 'approach' 'be ashamed' It should be noted that roots with elided vowels of this sort always behave metrically like 'CVCV or 'CVV roots, never like CV roots.
A Grammar of Supyire by Robert Carlson